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Articles in Usul al-Fiqh

A Call to Justice for the Science of Fiqh A Call to Justice for the Science of Fiqh

By Dr. Salāh Abū ‘l-Hājj [1]
Translated by Mawlana Muntasir Zaman [2]
All praise belongs to Allah. We praise Him, seek assistance from Him and ask of Him forgiveness and guidance. We send blessings on His chosen …

The Eminence of Abdullāh Ibn Mas’ūd and the Hanafī School’s Connection to Him The Eminence of Abdullāh Ibn Mas’ūd and the Hanafī School’s Connection to Him

By Abu Humayd
Imām Abū Ḥanīfah’s chain of knowledge is as follows:
Imām Abū Ḥanīfah
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Ḥammād Ibn Abī Sulaymān
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Ibrahīm al-Nakha‘ī
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‘Alqamah Ibn Qays
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‘Abdullāh Ibn Mas‘ūd
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Rasūlullāh ﷺ
1. Imām Abū Ḥanīfah …

Definitions of the Principles of Fiqh (Islamic Law) Definitions of the Principles of Fiqh (Islamic Law)

By Shaykh Zahir Mahmood
Fard and Wājib
While the majority of jurists regard fard and wājib as synonymous, the Hanafis draw a clear distinction between the two. Ishāq ibn Ibrahim al-Shāshi, in defining the two, states, “Linguistically …

Islamic Law and its Jurists Islamic Law and its Jurists

By Shaykh Zahir Mahmood
The quintessence of Islamic teaching is the Qur’an and Sunna, and the means of understanding these primary sources is accurately crystallized through the science of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Fiqh is the eyesight whilst …

Interpreting “Sunnah”: The Practice of the People of Madinah in View of the Māliki School Interpreting “Sunnah”: The Practice of the People of Madinah in View of the Māliki School

By Aisha Bewley
You probably have heard the term, “the ‘amal of the people of Madina” and wondered what it means and what all the fuss is about. What is ‘amal or action? What does it …

Following a Madhhab: A Simple Clarification of a Common Misconception Following a Madhhab: A Simple Clarification of a Common Misconception

By Mufti Muhammad Sajaad
Edited by IlmGate
Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (d. 911 AH) said: “The difference found in the four Schools of Islamic law (Hanafi, Shāfi’ī, Māliki and Hanbali) in this nation is a huge blessing …

The Principle of Blocking the Means The Principle of Blocking the Means

By Mawlana Zafar Ahmad ‘Uthmani
Translated by Zameelur Rahman
The ummah have agreed that when an abomination is attached to a permissible or desirable action and it becomes a means to disobedience or innovation, even though that …

Issuing a Fatwa on the Ruling of Another Madhhab Issuing a Fatwa on the Ruling of Another Madhhab

By Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani
Translated by Mawlana Zameelur Rahman
The default rule for a mufti who is a muqallid is that he does not issue fatwa but on the madhhab of his Imam, according to the …

The Higher Objectives of Islamic Law and the Boundaries of Maqāsid al-Shari’ah The Higher Objectives of Islamic Law and the Boundaries of Maqāsid al-Shari’ah

By Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani
Translated by Mateen A. Khan
Translators comment: Maqāsid al-Sharī‘ah refers to the set of objectives and goals which the Sharī‘ah strives to establish. For example, the preservation of faith, life, lineage, intellect …

The Objectives of Fasting The Objectives of Fasting

By Shaykh ‘Izz al-Dīn ibn ‘Abd al-Salām
Translated by Abu Rumaysah
A partial translation of Maqāsid al-Sawm
 
The Obligation of Fasting
Allâh, Exalted is He says,
“O you who have faith! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed …